James Cook is a British navigator, explorer and cartographer, born November 7, 1728 (October 27, 1728 according to the Gregorian calendar) in Marton (Middlesbrough) and died February 14, 1779 in Hawaii.
Reaching the rank of captain of the Royal Navy, he made three trips to the Pacific Ocean during which he was the first European to land on the east coast of Australia, in New Caledonia, in the South Sandwich Islands. and Hawaii. He was also the first navigator to circumnavigate Antarctica and chart Newfoundland and New Zealand.
His colossal heritage can be attributed to his great seafaring skills, strong aptitudes for cartography, his courage to explore dangerous areas in order to verify the accuracy of facts reported by others1, his ability to lead men and to be concerned. of their sanitary condition in the harshest conditions, as well as of its ambitions, constantly seeking to exceed the instructions received from the Admiralty.
Cook died in Hawaii in 1779 during a quarrel with the natives, while commanding his third expedition in search of the Northwest Passage.